Antioxidant and hepatoprotective property of squalene for counteracting the oxidative damage induced by methotrexate in experimental rats

Sumi Edakkukaran Sudhakaran and Dara Pavan Kumar and Mannuthy Rosemol Jacob and Ganesan Balaraman and Anandan Rangasamy and Mathew Suseela: Antioxidant and hepatoprotective property of squalene for counteracting the oxidative damage induced by methotrexate in experimental rats. In: Acta biologica Szegediensis, (64) 2. pp. 199-206. (2020)

[thumbnail of biologica_064_numb_002_199-206.pdf]
Preview
Cikk, tanulmány, mű
biologica_064_numb_002_199-206.pdf

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Methotrexate (MTX), an antifolate drug, is extensively prescribed for patients suff ering from diseases like cancer, psoriasis, neoplasms, and rheumatoid arthritis. Despite its eff ectiveness, MTX sometimes fi nds limited application because its undesirable side eff ects, including hepatic or renal impairment, bone marrow toxicity and gastrointestinal mucosal injury. Squalene, a highly unsaturated isoprenoid compound, isolated from shark liver oil has great potential in neutralizing the damaging eff ects triggered by free radicals. Therefore, in this study, the protective role of dietary squalene supplementation on oxidative stress induced by methotrexate in experimental rats was evaluated. A signifi cant reduction was displayed in the activities of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in MTX-intoxicated groups compared to other groups. Similarly, the activities of glutathione dependant enzymes (GPx and GST) and reduced glutathione (GSH) in MTX-induced groups were shown to be lower compared to the untreated control. Increased LPO (lipid peroxide) level was found in MTX-intoxicated groups compared to other groups. In addition, alterations in the levels of liver marker enzymes like AST, ALP, ALT, and LDH were noticed in MTX intoxicated groups compared to other groups. Biochemical results were confi rmed by the histopathological examination of liver sections. In conclusion, the result obtained in the present study proposes that squalene exerts antioxidant activity and is capable of ameliorating oxidative stress and liver injury induced by MTX.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta biologica Szegediensis
Date: 2020
Volume: 64
Number: 2
ISSN: 1588-4082
Page Range: pp. 199-206
Language: English
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/73049/
DOI: 10.14232/abs.2020.2.199-206
Uncontrolled Keywords: Állattan
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 204-206. ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences > 01.06.11. Zoology, ornithology, entomology, behavioural sciences biology
Date Deposited: 2021. Jul. 15. 15:39
Last Modified: 2021. Jul. 15. 15:39
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/73070

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item