Effect of phospho-compost and phosphate laundered sludge combined or not with endomycorrhizal inoculum on the growth and yield of tomato plants under greenhouse conditions

EL Gabardi Soumaya and Mouden Najoua and Chliyeh Mohamed and Selmaoui Karima and Ouazzani Touhami Amina and Filali-Maltouf Abdelkarim and Ibnsouda Koraichi Saad and Amir Soumia and Benkirane Rachid and EL Modafar Cherkaoui and Allal Douira: Effect of phospho-compost and phosphate laundered sludge combined or not with endomycorrhizal inoculum on the growth and yield of tomato plants under greenhouse conditions. In: Acta biologica Szegediensis, (64) 2. pp. 221-232. (2020)

[thumbnail of biologica_064_numb_002_221-232.pdf]
Preview
Cikk, tanulmány, mű
biologica_064_numb_002_221-232.pdf

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

The study aims to evaluate the eff ect of endomycorrhizal inoculum (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi), phospho-compost and phosphate sludge in single (M, PC, PS) or dual combinations (PC+M, PS+M, PS+PC) compared to agricultural and Mamora soils (A and S) on the growth, fl owering, and yield of tomato plants. Among the studied treatments, the substrates containing 5% of phospho-compost combined with endomycorrhizal inoculum (PC+M) gave the most positive eff ect followed by phospho-compost (PC) and endomycorrhizal inoculum (M). In response to PC+M substrate, tomato plant height, the number of leaves and fl owers attained 90 cm, 30, and 25, respectively. In substrates PC and M, tomato plants showed a height of 85 and 75 cm, leaves number of 30 and 19 leave/plant and number of fl owers of 21, and 19 fl ower/plant. An optimal yield with (12 fruits/plant) was recorded in tomato plants grown on the substrate amended with bio-inoculant (AMF) and phospho-compost at a rate of 5%. In terms of qualitative parameters, the highest fresh and dry weight of aerial plant parts and root system were recorded in tomato plants grown in culture substrate incorporating 10 g of endomycorrhizal inoculum and 5% of phospho-compost reaching respectively103.4 g, 34 g 90.1 g, 28.9 g as compared to 87, 51, 23 and 24.1 g noted by tomato plants on the substrate with phospho-compost (5%) (PC). The highest mycorrhization parameters (frequency (F), intensity of mycorrhization (M), average arbuscular content (A), average vesicular content (V), average intraradicular spore content (S)) were found in the roots of tomato plants growing on substrates amended with 5% phospho-compost plus 10 g of endomycorrhizal inoculum, with percentages of 100% F, 61% M, 40.67% A, 18.36% V, and 56.9% S.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta biologica Szegediensis
Date: 2020
Volume: 64
Number: 2
ISSN: 1588-4082
Page Range: pp. 221-232
Language: English
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/73049/
DOI: 10.14232/abs.2020.2.221-232
Uncontrolled Keywords: Paradicsomtermesztés, Zöldségtermesztés, Mikrobiológia
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 230-232. ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences > 01.06.01. Cell biology, microbiology
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences > 01.06.01. Cell biology, microbiology > 01.06.01.01. Microbiology
04. Agricultural sciences
04. Agricultural sciences > 04.01. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries
04. Agricultural sciences > 04.01. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries > 04.01.05. Horticulture, viticulture
04. Agricultural sciences > 04.01. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries > 04.01.05. Horticulture, viticulture > 04.01.05.02. Glasshouse management
04. Agricultural sciences > 04.01. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries > 04.01.05. Horticulture, viticulture > 04.01.05.07. Vegetables
Date Deposited: 2021. Jul. 15. 15:51
Last Modified: 2021. Jul. 15. 15:51
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/73072

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item