A lengyelkérdés a II. világháború előtti német agrárpolitikai iskola szemszögéből

Fritz János: A lengyelkérdés a II. világháború előtti német agrárpolitikai iskola szemszögéből. In: Közép-európai közlemények, (13) 4. pp. 47-68. (2020)

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The purpose of the study is to trace the standpoint of the German agricultural political school in connection with the Polish issue, with special regard to the East Elbian provinces. This school was born in the debate ”agrarian state” versus ”industrial state”, had reform conservative and national political groundings and exerted a strong influence on the public at the time. Since education did not seem to settle the issue of nationalities, settlings were considered to be the solution. From this perspective, the settlings of Posen played the key-role, which began in 1886 aiming to neutralize the Polish landowning nobility, which was regarded as the arch-enemy. But the action was only partly successful, because the Polish organised themselves, too. From this point on, pulling down the large German estates in an ”organic” way became a slogan, which was all the more so stressed as these estates built on employing Polish swagmen. After 1918, the enforced corrections of frontier, the birth of the independent Poland, the competition of cheap Polish grain all urged the settlings in the regions next to the border. This was inspired mainly by thy fear that these areas could be lost because of the intensive rural exodus and by the higher Polish fertility indices. Therefore, during the economic crises due the abuses of ”Eastern Help” a lot of people would rather divide up completely the East Elbian large estates, which would have meant stepping on the way of the Easter European land reforms, so much condemned until then.. At the beginning of the 1930s – under the impact of soviet collectivizations – the settlings gained a great impetus once again for the last time. Although the settling-project lost from its significance after 1933 – together with the agricultural political school itself also being pushed into the background – the image of enemy in connection with the Polish was exaggerated to a greater extent than ever before.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The Polish issue from the perspective of the German agricultural political school before the World War two
Heading title: Gazdaságtörténet
Journal or Publication Title: Közép-európai közlemények
Date: 2020
Volume: 13
Number: 4
ISSN: 1789-6339
Page Range: pp. 47-68
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Egyesület Közép-Európa Kutatására
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/73051/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gazdaságtörténet - Európa
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 67-68. és a jegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.02. Economics and business
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2021. Jul. 19. 10:53
Last Modified: 2023. Mar. 02. 14:16
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/73085

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