"Hozzájárult. Vagy mégsem?" : a személyes adatok kezeléséhez történő hozzájárulás érvényességének szempontjai

Váradi, Szilvia: "Hozzájárult. Vagy mégsem?" : a személyes adatok kezeléséhez történő hozzájárulás érvényességének szempontjai. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (11) 1. pp. 163-179. (2021)

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Abstract

Consent is one of the key principles in the protection of personal data. We may consider the consent of the data subject as a manifestation of the exercise of the right of informational self-determination, which means consent to the processing of the data subject's own personal data. This work seeks to examine what exactly the consent of the data subject covers and what key elements it has under the existing EU legislation and the conditions for its validity. The evaluation is based on the practice of the Hungarian data protection authority (NAIH) and on the most recent case law of the European Court of Justice. When a data controller chooses the consent of the data subject from among the possible legal bases, he/she must take into account several aspects in advance. Consent will only be a legitimate legal basis, if the controller is able to ensure that its conceptual elements are met and as a result the consent is valid. A consent is considered valid under the following conditions: it must reflect the wishes of the data subject; be voluntary, explicit, and informed; prior to processing the data subject is provided with the specific purpose for which the data are processed; it must be specific and actively stated. Besides, the given consent may be withdrawn by the data subject at any time during the processing. These are also cumulative criteria for a consent, because if any of them is missing, we cannot consider the consent valid. The content of some of these conceptual elements of a valid consent is not clarified by the General Data Protection Regulation. To explain these, we have called on the practice of the European Court of Justice, the European Data Protection Board and the NAIH. Through practical examples, we have also analyzed the new and specific data processing situations that can occur in the context of info-communication systems and technologies, which are creating new challenges for data controllers given to the rapid development of this field. Overall, this topic has a complex set of criteria, and it is therefore necessary to plan data processing operations carefully, before the consent as a legal basis is used.

Item Type: Article
Other title: "Confirmed. Or not?" : criteria for the validity of consent for the processing of personal data
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2021
Volume: 11
Number: 1
ISSN: 2063-2525
Page Range: pp. 163-179
Language: Hungarian, English
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/73148/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adatvédelem, Személyiségvédelem
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law > 05.05.01. Law, criminology, penology
Date Deposited: 2021. Jul. 28. 11:15
Last Modified: 2021. Jul. 28. 11:15
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/73150

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