Az ügyészi vádmonopólium korrektívumai Európa egyes államaiban

Lichtenstein, András: Az ügyészi vádmonopólium korrektívumai Európa egyes államaiban. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes doctorandorum juridicorum, (11). pp. 73-85. (2021)

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Abstract

Most European criminal procedures (e.g. that in Germany, Italy or Hungary) are still governed by procedural legality and ex officio procedure, thus a mandatory prosecution is in place. On the contrary, in some states (such as in France) the public prosecutor has a much wider discretion as in regards of prosecution, meaning that the procedure may be discontinued for opportunistic reasons. In both cases, rules of procedure are created to ensure the rule of procedural principles and to set out the necessary exceptions. Still, faulty prosecutorial decisions may happen. Among those, the most damaging for social justice and the victims themselves are the cases, in which contrary to all legal criteria being fulfilled, the decision not to prosecute is made. Therefore, there is an inevitable need for effective means of correcting prosecutorial monopoly and decisions. To have such methods available in the national rules of procedure is also a legal obligation of all EU Member States. The victim’s right to a review of a decision not to prosecute is set out in Article 11 of Directive 2012/29/EU. Still, the implementation and the instruments available vary greatly in the national criminal procedures of the member states. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse different forms of such corrective means to prosecutorial monopoly in Germany (Klageerzwingungsverfahren), Italy (opposizione all’archiviazione) and France (l’action civile). Finally, as the result of the comparative outlook, conclusions are drawn and a de lege ferenda proposal is presented for the development of the Hungarian criminal procedure law regarding “substitute public prosecution” or “supplementary private prosecution” (pótmagánvád).

Item Type: Article
Other title: The means of correcting prosecutorial monopoly in certain European States
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes doctorandorum juridicorum
Date: 2021
Volume: 11
ISSN: 2063-5540
Page Range: pp. 73-85
Language: Hungarian, English
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/73149/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Büntetőjog
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law > 05.05.01. Law, criminology, penology
Date Deposited: 2021. Jul. 28. 13:37
Last Modified: 2021. Jul. 28. 13:37
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/73161

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