Kottanner Jánosné memoárja : retorikai eszközök, a mű lehetséges céljai, és Kottannerné jutalma = Memoires of Helene Kottanner : rhetorical methods, goals of the work and reward of Helene Kottanner

Kis Iván: Kottanner Jánosné memoárja : retorikai eszközök, a mű lehetséges céljai, és Kottannerné jutalma = Memoires of Helene Kottanner : rhetorical methods, goals of the work and reward of Helene Kottanner. In: Belvedere Meridionale, (33) 1. pp. 54-70. (2021)

[thumbnail of belvedere_2021_001_054-070.pdf]
Preview
Cikk, tanulmány, mű
belvedere_2021_001_054-070.pdf

Download (380kB) | Preview

Abstract

In my study I analyze a significant late-medieval memoir, known as „The Memoires of Helene Kottanner (1439–1440), written by Helene, or Elena Kottanner, an Austrian woman, daughter of Peter Wolfram from Ödenburg (Sopron), acting in the service of Queen Elizabeth of Hungary. The source, which may be considered the oldest German memoir written by a secular woman, depicts the events of an interesting period of the medieval Hungarian history with “vividness and poignancy” (Maya Bijvoet Williamson). After the death of King Albert (1437–1439), his ambitious wife, Elizabeth – while a large part of the Hungarian nobles wanted Władysław III of Poland to be the king of Hungary – tried to maintain his own authority in Hungary (at that time she was already pregnant and hoped that her new-born will be a boy), therefore she ordered her servant, Elena Kottanner to steal the Holy Crown of Saint Stephen from the royal stronghold, Plintenburg (Visegrád). The woman and an unnamed Hungarian collaborator managed to remove the Crown secretly, rushing to the Queen with it, who within an hour of the crown’s arrival at her castle of Komorn (Komárom), bore a son, Ladislaus Posthumous (1440–1457). Three months later, the little boy was crowned King of Hungary in Stuhlweissenburg (Székesfehérvár). In her memoir, Helene Kottanner – as an eye-witness author – gives a unique, detailed and remarkable picture about these events. My main goal is to analyze the rhetorical methods, the historiographical practice presented by Helene, which can be detected in her text. I demonstrate that the servant intended to emphasize her own role in the mentioned events, and tried to legitimate the Hungarian kingship of Ladislaus Posthumous. Besides, she presented certain events as symbolic of the fate of the future king: according to Helene, God protects her and Elizabeth, and the whole undertaking, while the Devil is on the side of their enemies (Władysław III of Poland and the Hungarian nobles). Furthermore, I also intend to demonstrate what possible goals could Helene have had with her memoir. It is quite possible that the servant wrote her opus in order to get her reward for her services provided to the queen and the future king. I demonstrate this problem in context of the Hungarian political situation in the 1440s and the 1450s.

Item Type: Article
Heading title: Egyházmegyék - királyság - Szent Korona
Journal or Publication Title: Belvedere Meridionale
Date: 2021
Volume: 33
Number: 1
ISSN: 2064-5929
Page Range: pp. 54-70
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Belvedere Meridionale
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/73290/
DOI: 10.14232/belv.2021.1.5
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kottanner Jánosné Wolfram Ilona, Magyarország története - 15. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 69-70. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.05. Medieval history
Date Deposited: 2021. Sep. 07. 09:05
Last Modified: 2021. Sep. 07. 09:05
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/73295

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item