Assessing the immediate effect of Covid-19 lockdown on air quality : a case study of Delhi, India

Sikarwar Ankit and Rani Ritu: Assessing the immediate effect of Covid-19 lockdown on air quality : a case study of Delhi, India. In: Journal of environmental geography, (13) 3-4. pp. 27-33. (2020)

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In India, a nationwide lockdown due to COVID-19 has been implemented on 25 March 2020. The lockdown restrictions on more than 1.3 billion people have brought exceptional changes in the air quality all over the country. This study aims to analyze the levels of three major pollutants: particulate matter sized 2.5 m (PM2.5) and 10 m (PM10), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) before and during the lockdown in Delhi, one of the world’s most polluted cities. The data for PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 concentrations are derived from 38 ground stations dispersed within the city. The spatial interpolation maps of pollutants for two times are generated using Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) model. The results indicate decreasing levels of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 concentrations in the city by 93%, 83%, and 70% from 25 February 2020 to 21 April 2020 respectively. It is found that one month before the lockdown the levels of air pollution in Delhi were critical and much higher than the guideline values set by the World Health Organization. The levels of air pollution became historically low after the lockdown. Considering the critically degraded air quality for decades and higher morbidity and mortality rate due to unhealthy air in Delhi, the improvement in air quality due to lockdown may result as a boon for the better health of the city’s population.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of environmental geography
Date: 2020
Volume: 13
Number: 3-4
ISSN: 2060-467X
Page Range: pp. 27-33
Language: English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs:
DOI: 10.2478/jengeo-2020-0009
Uncontrolled Keywords: Levegőszennyeződés mérése - India, Koronavírus járvány
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 32-33. ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.05. Earth and related environmental sciences
Date Deposited: 2021. Nov. 15. 09:13
Last Modified: 2022. Jun. 28. 11:15

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