Kísérlet a többnyelvű középfokú oktatás bevezetésére Magyarországon, 1861-1862

Deák Ágnes: Kísérlet a többnyelvű középfokú oktatás bevezetésére Magyarországon, 1861-1862. In: Aetas, (36) 1. pp. 21-43. (2021)

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With his October Diploma adopted on 20 October 1860 Franz Joseph I restored the status of Hungarian as the official language of Hungary, but he wanted to preserve the right of individual citizens and settlements to use their own languages. He ordered a consultation about the language of gymnasiums with the faculties, the supervising religious authorities and the city councils. Following these consultations, the Governor’s Council declared Hungarian to be the primary language of all gymnasiums but permitted local majority languages to be used as “auxiliary languages”. Due to strong opposition to the decision Franz Joseph ordered the Governor’s Council to issue corrections and compelled 23 gymnasiums to adopt multilingual education and made German a mandatory subject in all institutions. The majority of the faculties of the schools involved were against the introduction of multilingual education. The Governor’s Council was on the side of the faculties in schools where most students were Hungarian. The Emperor eventually allowed exclusively Hungarian education in certain schools but made their own language and literature compulsory subjects for non-Hungarian speaking students. In the other institutions, especially in the Slovakian regions, attempts were launched at introducing multilingual education, even though the form and extent of these attempts varied.

Item Type: Article
Other title: An attempt at introducing multilingual secondary education in Hungary, 1861-1862
Heading title: Tanulmányok
Journal or Publication Title: Aetas
Date: 2021
Volume: 36
Number: 1
ISSN: 0237-7934
Page Range: pp. 21-43
Language: Hungarian, English
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/74390/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oktatásügy - Magyarország - 19. sz., Magyarország története - 19. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben
Date Deposited: 2022. Feb. 22. 12:01
Last Modified: 2022. Feb. 22. 12:01
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/74418

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