A legfranciább algériai : Ferhat Abbász politikai pályája az algériai nemzeti mozgalom tükrében

J. Nagy László: A legfranciább algériai : Ferhat Abbász politikai pályája az algériai nemzeti mozgalom tükrében. In: Aetas, (36) 2. pp. 55-67. (2021)

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Abstract

Ferhat Abbas is the most interesting, and at the same time “most French” figure of the Algerian national movement. His thoughts and actions were guided by the “quest for civilization”, which was also the justification of the colonial expansion of the Third Republic. His political career is also the story of the Algerian nationalist movement. Throughout his life he always adhered to the “French ideals”, and the tripartite motto of the French Revolution: liberté, égalité, fraternité. In the 1920s he fought for the French assimilation of Algeria, he wanted it to become a province of France, but after the end of the World War he tried to have his country implement the “French ideals” as an independent state. However, none of the French governments supported his plans, so he joined those fighting for national liberation. His life in the independent Algeria was full of struggle and disappointment. He didn’t see the creation, only the death of the “French ideals” and liberal democracy, and the emergence of a personalist dictatorship, the sovietisation of the country à la Fidel Castro. He couldn’t follow the revolutionary changes that characterized many of the young countries newly freed from colonial rule, they were incompatible with his ideals and mentality. He couldn’t accept arbitrary decisions, for him institutions legitimized by elections were the basis of the political system. Barely a year after the country becoming independent, he resigned as the President of the National Assembly. This resignation meant the end of his political career: he was forced into opposition, and he was a victim of frequent harassment. In 1964‒1965 he was interned to the southern regions, and in 1976 and 1977 he was under house arrest. One of the greatest figures of the Algerian national movement was left more and more alone. He was a tragic hero. He felt betrayed, as the “French ideals” were not implemented either by their creator, France, or his home country.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The most French Algerian : the political career of Ferhat Abbas through the Algerian National Movement
Heading title: Tanulmányok
Journal or Publication Title: Aetas
Date: 2021
Volume: 36
Number: 2
ISSN: 0237-7934
Page Range: pp. 55-67
Language: Hungarian, English
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/74391/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ferhat Abbas, Algéria története - 1954-1962 - életrajz, Algéria története - 19-20. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2022. Feb. 23. 15:58
Last Modified: 2022. Feb. 23. 15:58
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/74435

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