Halford Mackinder és a brit birodalmi föderalizmus a 19. század fordulóján

Fellegi Benjámin: Halford Mackinder és a brit birodalmi föderalizmus a 19. század fordulóján. In: Aetas, (36) 2. pp. 79-93. (2021)

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Abstract

British geographer Halford Mackinder belonged to a generation born during the zenith of the British Empire. During his lifetime, however, this generation had to grapple with the fact of decline. The fear, ever more obvious as the end of the 19th century approached, was demonstrated by the idea of an imperial federation. This initiative, born in the 1870s, aimed at creating unity across the Empire. The concept essentially stated that in the 20th century, Britain cannot keep up with the new superpowers, Russia and the US, unless she organizes her colonies scattered around the globe into an organic community. This, however, became one of the most divisive debates in that era’s public life, as the imperial federalists wanted to discard free trade. This was met with heavy resistance. Mackinder, who considered the Russian Empire as the greatest threat, dedicated a large portion of his academic and political life to the issue of federation. He was an unwavering believer in the Empire, which belief he based on Social Darwinism. He deemed most important that the UK answers the new challenges of the new century in accordance with its dominions. Only the principle of one for all, all for one would guarantee the Anglo-Saxon hegemony in the world - for this, turning the Empire into a federation was indispensable.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Halford Mackinder and the imperial federalism of the Fin de Siécle
Heading title: Tanulmányok
Journal or Publication Title: Aetas
Date: 2021
Volume: 36
Number: 2
ISSN: 0237-7934
Page Range: pp. 79-93
Language: Hungarian, English
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/74391/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Halford John Mackinder, Nagy-Britannia története - 19-20. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2022. Feb. 24. 08:29
Last Modified: 2022. Feb. 24. 08:29
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/74437

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