Munkáltatási modellek a reformkor büntetés-végrehajtásában

Mezey Barna: Munkáltatási modellek a reformkor büntetés-végrehajtásában. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : acta juridica et politica, (73) 1-64. pp. 547-563. (2010)

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In the 18th century the main characteristic of the Hungarian prison movement was to have practice, but not theory. Even if the prison itself was found in some theoretical work of the feudal law (as an existing sanction, but mainly against poor people), it was not an integral part of the detention's theory. This fact didn't change even after the open of the national scale prison, the Domus Correctoria in 1772, which was based on the Austrian prison model. The - especially law enforcement-oriented - thoughts concerning poverty didn't cross the margins of local scale. In Hungary, the counties, the manors with privilege of death penalty and the cities had prisons, which mostly hold a mixed function, and were undifferentiated guarding places: real medieval 'holes'. In the first half of the 19th century the liberal political reforms launched a prison corrective movement with the renewal of prisons as their main objective. The idea of the work of the prisoners was part of this movement. The unsuccesful story of Domus Correctoria finished the adoptation of the Netherlandish model in the Hungarian prison history. The occasionally used external work in prisons was not compatible with the new ideas, so the idea of inner work inside the closed institutes came to the front. The inadequacy of the prisons didn't support the institutionalizing of working, but it favoured the establishement of so-called Prisoner Work Houses. The appearence of those Prisoner Work Houses in Hungary was a firm step towards the modern prison. The working issue raised many problems, which affected both the detention philosophy, as well as the enforcement regime. Although the goal in most cases was the reduction of the prices, it was not possible to circumvent a number of issues, such as the the goal of the whole idea of imprisonment. So far, the authorities were not thinking about that, now the goal of penalty itself came to the front. Lots of plans were discussed at the genelar meetings of counties and orders were given for different corrective plans. And knowing the political structure of the given time (where the foundaments of national debates and reform movements were based in the counties), we could claim that the experience of the Prisoner Work Houses substantiated one of the major issues of the legendary prison program of the diet in 1843/44.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2010
Volume: 73
Number: 1-64
ISSN: 0324-6523
Page Range: pp. 547-563
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Állam- és Jogtudományi Karának tudományos bizottsága
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jogtörténet - magyar - 19. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2016. Oct. 15. 11:11
Last Modified: 2023. Nov. 14. 09:58

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