Circumscriptio és bona fides : a jóhiszeműség és tisztesség elve a vételár meghatározásánál a római jogban

Jusztinger János: Circumscriptio és bona fides : a jóhiszeműség és tisztesség elve a vételár meghatározásánál a római jogban.

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Abstract

According to a proposition, which is recognized in Romanistics and reasoned by explicit primer sources, classical Roman law – basically giving a free hand to the vendor and the purchaser in connection with the determination of purchase price – did not intervene in the bargain between the parties directly. Namely, it came natural to antic jurists that the contracting parties mutually tried to bargain for the most favourable pretium. The freedom of contract called contrario, provided for the parties, also meant that purchase price could not be determined tacitly. Therefore, the vendor and the purchaser were obliged to achieve a consensus regarding an adequately determined pretium. Examining such a phase of the sales contract that is not free of deceiving the other party (circumscriptio) either, this study is looking for an answer to the following question principally: where was the limit of the bargain – if there was one at all – between the parties, which seemed to be totally free, and what was the role of the bonae fidei character of emptio venditio in all that? In connection with the determination of pretium, mentioning also the sales contract formulating the clause of „quanti Titius rem aestimaverit”, we can get a more complete picture of the requirements that exert influence on price determination and stem from the bonae fidei iudicium character of the sale. On closer examination we can get to know the boni viri arbitratu procedure of the third person asked by the contracting parties, furthermore the bona fides – as the objective measure adjusted to the behaviour of the bonus vir – that can be found in the clause of „quidquid dare facere oportet ex fide bona” and determines the content of the previously mentioned procedure. So we also have the possibility to set the framework of economic risk that exceeds the average measure and can be taken by the parties validly. In this regard we are able to define the limits of free bargain.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Other title: Circumscriptio and bona fides : the principle of good faith at the determination of purchase price in Roman law
Journal or Publication Title: Alapelvek és alapjogok
Date: 2015
Volume: 5
ISSN: 2063-3807
ISBN: 978-963-306-404-7
Page Range: pp. 231-242
Series Name: Szegedi Jogász Doktorandusz Konferenciák
Language: Hungarian, English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Event Title: Alapelvek és alapjogok (2014) (Szeged)
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/74889/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Római jog - adásvétel
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
Date Deposited: 2022. Mar. 28. 10:36
Last Modified: 2023. Dec. 05. 11:25
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/74934

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