Betegjogok a 19-20. században

Masa Gabriella: Betegjogok a 19-20. században.

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The purpose of this paper is to present the relationship between the medical law and fundamental rights in the 19-20th century. Nowadays some of them are guaranteed by federal law, such as the right to get a copy of your medical records and the right to keep them private. Many states have additional acts protecting patients. What is more, healthcare facilities often have a patient’s bill of rights. Medical law is the branch of law which concerns the prerogatives and responsibilities of medical professionals and the rights of the patient. Essentially I have observed the development of the right to access to health care – each patient shall have the right to receive life-saving care, in an emergency, care to prevent the serious or permanent impairment to health, as well as to have his pain controlled and his suffering relieved and the right to privacy. A patient shall have the right to have the people involved in his health care, disclose his healthcare and any personal data which they might learn during the course of delivering such care to those entitled thereto and to have them handle such data in confidence. In addition to this, it should be noted that all of the investigated rights can be found in the Hungarian Constitution. How did it work in the previous centuries? The aim of my research is to discuss the possible answers. The following resources are the most relevant in my project: The XIV of 1876 Public Health Act, II of 1972 Health Act, and the CLIV of 1997 Health Act. These acts are represented the development of the right to have access to health care. The last one contains a list on patients’ rights what are guaranteed by the legislation. The reason is simple: it is the obligation of the state. The right to privacy came from the Hippocratic Oath. This is one of the oldest privacy law which was examined by the Penal Codes and during the development of the criminal law. To sum it all up, it can be said that the patients’ rights in the 20th century were added to the public awareness, but we could already see the first steps of this development in the 19th century. At the beginning of the 20th century ensuring of these rights caused many difficulties and the development of several decades resulted in the achievement of the modern state.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Other title: Patients' rights in the 19-20th century
Journal or Publication Title: Alapelvek és alapjogok
Date: 2015
Volume: 5
ISSN: 2063-3807
ISBN: 978-963-306-404-7
Page Range: pp. 277-289
Series Name: Szegedi Jogász Doktorandusz Konferenciák
Language: Hungarian, English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Event Title: Alapelvek és alapjogok (2014) (Szeged)
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Betegek jogai - 19-20. sz., Jogtörténet - 19-20. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
Date Deposited: 2022. Mar. 28. 11:04
Last Modified: 2023. Dec. 05. 11:25

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