A comparative study on Acorus calamus (Acoraceae) micropropagation and selection of suitable population for cultivation in Iran

Gholipour Abbas and Kazemitabar Seyed Kamal and Ramzanpour Hamed: A comparative study on Acorus calamus (Acoraceae) micropropagation and selection of suitable population for cultivation in Iran. In: Acta biologica Szegediensis, (65) 1. pp. 29-34. (2021)

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In addition to various medicinal properties, Acorus calamus (sweet flag) is used in health, food, and perfume industries. Since this species is a rare plant in Iran, its propagation and cultivation are of the great importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different plant growth regulators on micropropaga-tion of this plant and to select the appropriate population. The root, the rhizome and the leaf explants of three populations (Arzefon, Pelesk, and Alandan) were cultured on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) for callus induction and plant regeneration. The results showed that only rhizome explant resulted in direct plant regeneration. Among different treatments, the 1 mg/l treatment of BAP and NAA - with the highest mean number of regenerated plants (3.75 ± 0.85), the highest percentage of grown explants (91.6%) and maximum average length of regenerated plants (12.06 ± 0.32 cm) - was the best treatment for regeneration of sweet flag. The highest mean number of root (6.6 ± 0.1) was observed in Alandan population in 1 mg/l treatment of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). According to the present study, Alandan population is suitable for cultivation purposes in Iran.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta biologica Szegediensis
Date: 2021
Volume: 65
Number: 1
ISSN: 1588-4082
Page Range: pp. 29-34
Language: English
Publisher: University of Szeged
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/75563/
DOI: 10.14232/abs.2021.1.29-34
Uncontrolled Keywords: Növények szaporítása - sejttenyészet
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 34. p. ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences
Date Deposited: 2022. May. 12. 08:21
Last Modified: 2022. May. 12. 08:21
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/75577

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