Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the rhizosphere of saffron (Crocus sativus) plants along with age of plantation in Taliouine region in Morocco

Ourras Samah and Ouazzani Touhami Amina and El Modafar Cherkaoui and Benkirane Rachid and Msairi Soukaina and Selmaoui Karima and Chliyeh Mohamed and Mouden Najoua and El Aymani Ismail and EL Gabardi Soumaya and Douira Allal: Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the rhizosphere of saffron (Crocus sativus) plants along with age of plantation in Taliouine region in Morocco. In: Acta biologica Szegediensis, (65) 2. pp. 199-209. (2021)

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Abstract

Saffron cultivation is a viable alternative for marginal areas where low soil fertility and water availability severely limit the cultivation of other crops with higher water and input requirments. Under these conditions, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are an essential alternative for maintaining fertility and water conservation, stimulating growth, and providing plant protection against soil-borne diseases. The aim of this work is to highlight the diversity of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi communities associated with saffron roots in plantations of different ages (two, four and ten years old) in the region of Taliouine (Morocco). The highest number of endomycorrhizal spores was recorded in the rhizosphere of saffron plants harvested at the level of plots that have carried saffron for two years (138.66/100 g soil), while the lowest number was observed in the rhizosphere of plants of plots that are occupied for 10 years by saffron. All collected spores from plots under study represent 17 morphotypes belonging to 5 genera: Glomus (7 species), Acaulospora (7 species), Rhizophagus (one species), Densicitata (one species), and Funneliformis (one species).

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta biologica Szegediensis
Date: 2021
Volume: 65
Number: 2
ISSN: 1588-4087
Page Range: pp. 199-209
Language: English
Publisher: University of Szeged
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/75564/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biológia - molekuláris, Növénybiológia, Sáfrány, Gombák
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 206-209. ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences
Date Deposited: 2022. May. 12. 11:32
Last Modified: 2022. May. 12. 11:32
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/75593

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