Újabb források a Római Birodalom és India közötti kereskedőkről

Székely Melinda: Újabb források a Római Birodalom és India közötti kereskedőkről. In: Bölcsészműhely, 2007. pp. 161-172. (2008)

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Abstract

There are few literary sources for traders between the Roman Empire and India. Papyrological, epigraphical, and juridical sources are available, but these sources are often equivocal. In the past decades several papyri, ostraca and inscriptions with records proving transit trade have surfaced in Egypt. In 1980 a papyrus was found in Alexandria, and it was published in Vienna 5 years later (1985). The papyrus proves that by the 2nd century A.D. the merchants of the Roman Empire had learnt the precise trade route from Alexandria to Coptos, from Coptos across the desert to a port on the Red Sea, and further on to India. According to the text, the long and dangerous route was planned cautiously. The papyrus records the lend-lease contract of a vessel, which reveals the existence and use of sophisticated legal transactions. The Red Sea trade was very profitable, therefore we should not suppose that wealthy Romans from the higher ranks of society had no interest in it. However, lex Claudia from 218 B.C. made it impossible for senators to own commercial vessels that could potentially carry more than 300 amphoras. This way aristocrats were theoretically banned from longdistance sea trade. Nevertheless, the letters of Cicero mention two senators whose commercial connections can be proved. Archaeological findings also support the involvement of senators in trade. On the basis of the sources we can conclude that the trade between India and the Roman Empire was arranged by individuals. Tax records, inscriptions, papyri and ostraca suggest that marine companies operated on the Red Sea. Inscriptions in Indian languages and scripts found in Egypt attest to the presence of Indian merchants in the Roman Empire.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: New sources for traders between India and the Roman empire
Journal or Publication Title: Bölcsészműhely, 2007
Date: 2008
Page Range: pp. 161-172
Series Name: Bölcsészműhely
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: JATEPress
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/75694/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kereskedelem - Római Birodalom-India - ókor
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 171-172. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2022. May. 18. 08:35
Last Modified: 2022. May. 18. 08:40
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/75726

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