Possibilities for exploitation of agricultural wastes and by-products in South-Eastern Hungary

Horváth József: Possibilities for exploitation of agricultural wastes and by-products in South-Eastern Hungary. In: Review on agriculture and rural development, (4) 1-2. pp. 52-57. (2015)

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By 2030, the EU could be reducing its energy use by more than a third and generate almost half of the remainder from renewables. Renewable energy sources from farm products - energy from plants and animal materials - are becoming increasingly important in Hungarian energy systems, too. The wide variety of available biomass feedstocks, conversion technologies, and integration strategies offer a broad range of feasible bioenergy scenarios. The main objective of present study is to estimate the regional amount of agricultural biomass and assess the possibilities of the development of the utilization. In Hungary a small part of biomass from agricultural source is used for human consumption, 4.5-5 million tons. 16-17 million tons are used for feeding animals, and a 6-7 million tons are processed by industries. A great majority of biomass supplies the nutrients of the soils. Roots of plants and trees constitute a 7-8 million ton quantity, straws and stems of annual crops comprise 12-14 million tons and manures compose 5-6 million tons annually. At moment, a limited part of biomass from annual crops are utilised as energy source. The most primary products used for biofuels is maize, and in changeable extent, rapeseeds. Straw of cereals are produced 4-4.5 million tons from which animal husbandry and industry uses 1.6-1.7 million tons. The rest (2.4-2.8 million tons) could be utilised for renewable energy.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Review on agriculture and rural development
Date: 2015
Volume: 4
Number: 1-2
ISSN: 2063-4803
Page Range: pp. 52-57
Language: English
Publisher: University of Szeged Faculty of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Hódmezővásárhely
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/76050/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hulladékanyagok - hasznosítás - mezőgazdaság - Magyarország - regionális, Biomassza, Bioenergia
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 56-57. ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences
04. Agricultural sciences
04. Agricultural sciences > 04.01. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries
Date Deposited: 2022. Jun. 17. 12:37
Last Modified: 2022. Jun. 17. 12:37
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/76059

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