Temporal relationship of increased palaeodischarges and late glacial deglaciation phases on the catchment of river Maros/Mureş, Central Europe

Bartyik Tamás and Sipos György and Filyó Dávid and Kiss Tímea and Urdea Petru and Timofte Fabian: Temporal relationship of increased palaeodischarges and late glacial deglaciation phases on the catchment of river Maros/Mureş, Central Europe. In: Journal of environmental geography, (14) 3-4. pp. 39-46. (2021)

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River Maros/Mureş has one of the largest alluvial fans in the Carpathian Basin. On the surface of the fan several very wide, braided channels can be identified, resembling increased discharges during the Late Glacial. In our study we investigated the activity period of the largest channel of them, formed under a bankfull discharge three times higher than present day values. Previous investigations dated the formation of the palaeochannel to the very end of the Pleistocene by dating a point bar series upstream of the selected site. Our aim was to obtain further data on the activity period of the channel and to investigate temporal relationships between maximum palaeodischarges, deglaciation phases on the upland catchment and climatic amelioration during the Late Pleistocene. The age of sediment samples was determined by optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). The investigation of the luminescence properties of the quartz extracts also enabled the assessment of sediment delivery dynamics in comparison to other palaeochannels on the alluvial fan. OSL age results suggest that the activity of the channel is roughly coincident with, but slightly older than the previously determined ages, meaning that the main channel forming period started at 13.50±0.94 ka and must have ended by 8.64±0.82 ka. This period cannot directly be related to the major phases of glacier retreat on the upland catchments, and in terms of other high discharge channels only the activity of one overlaps with a major deglaciation phase at ~17-18 ka. Based on these, high palaeodischarges can be rather related to increased Late Glacial runoff, resulted by increasing precipitation and scarce vegetation cover on the catchment. Meanwhile, the quartz luminescence sensitivity of the investigated channel refers to fast sediment delivery from upland subcatchments. Therefore, the retreat of glaciers could affect alluvial processes on the lowland by increasing sediment availability, which contributed to the development of large braided palaeochannels.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of environmental geography
Date: 2021
Volume: 14
Number: 3-4
ISSN: 2060-467X
Page Range: pp. 39-46
Language: English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/75795/
DOI: 10.2478/jengeo-2021-0010
Uncontrolled Keywords: Természeti földrajz - Maros folyó
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 45-46. ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.05. Earth and related environmental sciences
Date Deposited: 2022. Jun. 24. 11:55
Last Modified: 2022. Jun. 24. 11:55
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/76064

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