Az Overtourism-jelenség kihívásai az európai kulturális örökségvédelemben

Gál Rita Ilona: Az Overtourism-jelenség kihívásai az európai kulturális örökségvédelemben. In: Móra Akadémia : szakkollégiumi tanulmánykötet 10., (10). pp. 198-211. (2022)

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Abstract

Overtourism is an extreme kind of tourism, which oversteps the economic, environmental and social limits of the given destination. In certain places, the tourism attractions, like landscape, view, or the expected feeling of walking through the famous streets, become unenjoyable due to the mass of tourists. The growing number of tourists leads to the rise of rental fees, causing disadvantages for local people. This phenomenon is not just affecting cities but numerous world heritage sites, as well. Islands, coastal, rural and mountain areas are among the most vulnerable places. The tourism industry, until the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, has grown in numbers year by year. Therefore, passenger transport plays a leading role in the contribution of pollutant emission. Climate change is one of the biggest threats, since heavy rains and storms, floods and wildfires can cause irreversible damage. The rise of the sea level jeopardizes coastal areas, while the changing of salinity is responsible for underwater values and heritage, whether cultural or natural. The intangible cultural heritage elements might become mass products due to the negative pressure of the tourism market. The spread of the internet and the communication technologies of nowadays speeded up the change of trends in tourism destinations. In many cases, a social media post with a famous background is more important than the tourism experience itself. Urbanization is a multi-sided problem. The newly built flats are used often for Airbnb purposes. This situation displaces locals from long-term apartment renting while enlarges tourist concentration in the city centres. To reduce the negative impacts of overtourism needs responsible and sustainable oriented planning in tourism policy. The protection of our environment has an essential importance for every type of cultural heritage and value. People can travel to less-known places or travel out of the high season to avoid the crowd. Furthermore, choosing alternative forms of tourism, like slow tourism or ecotourism, we take local products and foods. It is a great opportunity to know the local culture, so enlarging the mutual respect of cultural diversity.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: Challenges of the overtourism in European cultural heritage protection
Journal or Publication Title: Móra Akadémia : szakkollégiumi tanulmánykötet 10.
Date: 2022
Volume: 10
ISSN: 2064-809X
Page Range: pp. 198-211
Series Name: Móra Akadémia
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Móra Ferenc Szakkollégiuma
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/76360/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Műemlékvédelem - Európai Unió
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 208-210. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2022. Aug. 08. 11:06
Last Modified: 2022. Aug. 08. 11:06
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/76375

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