Előzetes beszámoló a Csanádpalota-Országhatár M43 56. lelőhelyen végzett szarmata temető feltárásáról

Walter Dorottya: Előzetes beszámoló a Csanádpalota-Országhatár M43 56. lelőhelyen végzett szarmata temető feltárásáról.

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Site 56, Motorway M43 is located south of Csanádpalota. The total excavation area was situated between stream Krakk and the Hungarian-Romanian border. The Móra Ferenc Museum conducted here preventive excavation between 26 October 2010 and 30 August 2011, and between 29 November and 7 December 2012. In the central zone of the excavated area, a Late Sarmatian cemetery with 53 inhumation graves was discovered. The total number of skeletons that can be examined by archaeological and anthropological methods is 49. Out of 53 graves, human remains were found in 51 burials, there were no bones in two graves. Out of 49 burials, 19 belonged to men, 12 to women, 12 to childrenʁ and one adultʓs gender could not be determinedʇ Most of the dead were oriented to the south. The grave pits had regular shape with a rectangular plan and rounded corners. Five burials (9, 22, 35, 37, 48) belonged to the largest graves of the cemetery. The graves were 300ʦ350 cm long, 130ʦ180 cm wide and over 5 sq.m in size. At the bottom of four graves, there were remains of timber structures. Based on our analysis, the timber imprints in graves 35 and 37 could have belonged to a bier or funerary stretcher, on which the deceased was placed for transportation and finally buried with it. In the case of the largest timber frame (grave 48), a burial chamber or bier with sidewalls can be suggested. In the cemetery, 11 graves were surrounded by a circular ditch, with a diameter of 10ʦ13 m. In these graves, mainly adults were buried, but in one case a child was found. Traces of funeral feast could be traced in the circular ditches: numerous pottery fragments and animal bones (dogs and horse). Most of the graves were robbed, probably in Antiquity. 66 percent of the graves were looted, but many pieces of inventory could be saved during the excavation. Jewelry and costume items include earring fragments, various types of pendants, and silver, bronze, or iron brooches. A small number of beads of various shapes, colors, raw materials, and sizes were found. Among the beads, a rare mosaic ornament of glass beads was also found. Besides, round, oval, square, and D-shaped buckles emerged from the graves. Objects of everyday use included spindle whorls, iron knives, bone needle holder, and bronze pincers. 25 vessels were identified in the cemetery. In most cases, they were placed by the feet of the dead, by one, rarely by two (in graves 24 and 48). According to these findings, the cemetery was used in the Late Sarmatian Period, dating from the first half of the 4th century to the beginning of the 5th century.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Other title: Preliminary report on the excavation of the Sarmatian cemetery at Csanádpalota-Country Border, Motorway M43, Site 56
Journal or Publication Title: Párducz 111. : konferencia Párducz Mihály (1908-1974) emlékére
Date: 2020
Volume: 8
ISSN: 2062-9877
ISBN: 978-963-306-774-1
Page Range: pp. 135-152
Series Name: Monográfiák a Szegedi Tudományegyetem Régészeti Tanszékéről
Language: Hungarian
Publisher: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Régészeti Tanszék
Place of Publication: Szeged
Event Title: Párducz 111. : konferencia Párducz Mihály (1908-1974) emlékére
Event Type: Conference
Event Location: Szeged
Event Dates: 2019
Related URLs: https://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/76787/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Régészet - leletek - szarmata
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 148-151. és a lábjegyzetekben ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2022. Nov. 09. 15:41
Last Modified: 2022. Nov. 09. 15:41
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/76974

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