Úriszéken kívüli bíráskodás a Csanádi Püspökség Makói Uradalmában = Justice outside the Manor Court in the estate of Makó within the Bishopric of Csanád

Urbancsok Zsolt: Úriszéken kívüli bíráskodás a Csanádi Püspökség Makói Uradalmában = Justice outside the Manor Court in the estate of Makó within the Bishopric of Csanád. In: Belvedere Meridionale, (34) 3. pp. 5-25. (2022)

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Abstract

At the beginning of the 18th century the agricultural town of Makó (oppidum) became incorporated into the Bishopric of Csanád. As a consequence, the bishop-landowners obtained the rights and obligations of jurisdiction (impensio) over their serfs. In the town, developing into an economic and administrative centre, jurisdiction outside the Manor Courts (sedes dominalis) had existed from the very beginning. Their aims were fast and effective jurisdiction. Between 1717 and 1805 plenipotentiary representatives exercised this right. However, from the first decade of the 19th century it was the manor prosecutors (fiscalis) who discharged primary jurisdiction. László Kőszeghi, a bishop-landowner, at the same time (1805) as organising the estate of Makó, had also reformed he jurisdiction outside the Manor Courts. A separate representative led the administrative and economic offices. In the spirit of the legislation of 1836, the Bishopric had also established oral lawsuits in the court of justice in Makó; this had later replaced the administrative office. In 1838 – also according to legislation – criminal courts dealing with compulsory labour were organised, primarily to prevent the refusal of work by serfs resentful for the incresing burden falling on them.

Item Type: Article
Heading title: Tanulmányok Makó múltjáról
Journal or Publication Title: Belvedere Meridionale
Date: 2022
Volume: 34
Number: 3
ISSN: 2064-5929
Page Range: pp. 5-25
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Belvedere Meridionale
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: https://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/78020/
DOI: 10.14232/belv.2022.3.1
Uncontrolled Keywords: Egyháztörténet - katolikus - Magyarország - regionális, Egyházmegye - csanádi, Csanád megye - katolikus egyház, Makó története
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 24-25. és a lábjegyzetekben ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2023. Jan. 16. 10:05
Last Modified: 2023. Jan. 16. 10:05
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/78022

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