"...mint Férje meg gyilkoltatója 's Alperes ellen..." : a reformkori erőszakos női bűnözés jellegzetességei

Bató Szilvia: "...mint Férje meg gyilkoltatója 's Alperes ellen..." : a reformkori erőszakos női bűnözés jellegzetességei. In: Délvidéki szemle, (9) 1-2. pp. 14-40. (2022)

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The prospects of criminological research concerning the first half of the 19th century are rather limited. All three requirements of the development of criminal statistics – a criminal code, a law on criminal procedure and a statistical administration – were missing at the time. Therefore, criminal offences in the period can only be reconstructed using court documents and prison statistics. Violent crimes represented only a fraction of criminal offences committed by women in the Hungarian Reform Era. Women typically committed these at home, against their children or, less frequently, against their husbands. This paper processes the documentation of the criminal procedure of a mariticide in Csanád county in 1820 from the point of view of criminal law and historical criminology. The man was murdered, with his wife’s help, by the wife’s lover, a soldier. The body had not been found, but the perpetrators admitted to the murder. The lover escaped, but the woman was sentenced to death, which was changed to 10 years of imprisonment out of mercy. The advocate of the woman did not dispute her committing the crime but looked for mitigating circumstances. He based his plea on the weakness and suggestibility of the female gender, claiming that the lover had forced the wife to collaborate with him in the crime. The advocate also searched for witnesses to testify to the drunkenness of the husband and marked the man’s low social status as the reason for the bad marriage.

Item Type: Article
Heading title: Tudományos közlemények
Journal or Publication Title: Délvidéki szemle
Date: 2022
Volume: 9
Number: 1-2
ISSN: 2416-223X
Page Range: pp. 14-40
Language: Hungarian, English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: https://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/78303/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Női bűnözés - Makó - 1820, Jogtörténet - Magyarország - 1820
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a jegyzetekben: p. 37-40. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2023. Mar. 13. 13:33
Last Modified: 2023. Mar. 13. 13:33
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/78321

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