Chemical composition and yield of white mustard as affected by inorganic, organic and metallurgical slag amendments in acid soil

Stanojković-Sebić Aleksandra and Pivić Radmila and Stanojković Aleksandar: Chemical composition and yield of white mustard as affected by inorganic, organic and metallurgical slag amendments in acid soil.

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Abstract

White mustard (Sinapis alba L.), is a quick-growing long-day annual which prefers light welldrained soil with neutral pH, but the plant tolerates moderately acid and alkaline soils ranging from 5.5 to 8.3. Thus, highly acidic soil conditions could stunt its growth and a necessary lime should be applied. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Ca - containing metallurgical slag usage, sampled from steel factory area, as well as the effects of commercial lime material and fertilizers, on macro and trace elements content in aerial biomass of white mustard, grown on Stagnosol (a soil with high acidity), through greenhouse vegetative experiments, in 2019. The effects of metallurgical slag were compared to those of commercial lime material (CaCO3) in combination without and with standard inorganic NPK and organic (NPK nutrient of animal origin) fertilizers. P was determined by spectrophotometer, K - by flame emission photometry, and N - using elemental CNS analyzer. In the determination of Fe, Zn, Cu and Cd, ICP-AES was used. Used lime materials, along with metallurgical slag, particularly in combination with organic fertilizer, showed positive effects on elemental composition of white mustard and its yield. The high and toxic concentrations of trace elements in herb comparing to untreated soil were not significantly increased and were within the permissible levels in plants in all the variants in spite of their higher content in metallurgical slag. Based on the results obtained in present study, high potential has been estimated in the application of the studied alkaline metallurgical slag, particularly when combined with organic and inorganic fertilizers, to acid soils toward amelioration their fertility without adverse effects.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Analytical and Environmental Problems
Date: 2022
Volume: 28
ISBN: 978-963-306-904-2
Page Range: pp. 318-322
Language: English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Event Title: 28th International Symposium on Analytical and Environmental Problems
Event Type: Conference
Event Location: Szeged
Event Dates: 2022. november 14-15.
Related URLs: https://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/78308/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Talajkémia, Növénykémia
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 322. p. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.04. Chemical sciences
Date Deposited: 2023. Mar. 23. 12:58
Last Modified: 2023. Mar. 23. 12:58
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/78549

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