Vér és korall - az 1943-as tarawai csata

Domján Máté: Vér és korall - az 1943-as tarawai csata. In: Móra Akadémia : szakkollégiumi tanulmánykötet 11., (11). pp. 91-102. (2023)

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In this study I will examine the 2nd Marine Division’s assault of the Tarawa Atoll in 1943, from the perspective of the amphibious assault. In the Pacific Theater of World War II amphibious operations played a major role in the conflict, because of the geography of the Pacific Ocean. The doctrines of amphibious warfare were created in the interwar period, first by the United States Marine Corps in the Tentative Manual of Landing Operations published in 1934 and its theoretical outlining for amphibious operations was adapted by the Navy under the title of FTP 167 Landing Operations Doctrine in 1938. The amphibious assault is the archetype of landing operations, although these doctrines used a different categorization of main landings, secondary landings and demonstrations. Tarawa was one of the most heavily fortified Atolls in the Pacific. Before the battle of Tarawa, the United States Marine Corps conducted two main landings, first at Guadalcanal in August 1942, and the second at Bougainville in November 1943, but both were almost completely unopposed. The marines learned important lessons from the battle of Tarawa. It showed that opposed landings are possible, that LVT-s (landing vehicle tracked) can be used in the assault to overcome coral reefs surrounding islands, the need for waterproof radio equipment and the importance of direct fire support and flamethrowers in destroying enemy strongpoints. It also showed that better combined arms training, with integrated infantry, tanks, engineers and artillery operations should be emphasized.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: Blood and coral - battle of Tarawa 1943
Heading title: Történettudomány
Journal or Publication Title: Móra Akadémia : szakkollégiumi tanulmánykötet 11.
Date: 2023
Volume: 11
ISSN: 2064-809X
Page Range: pp. 91-102
Series Name: Móra Akadémia
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Móra Ferenc Szakkollégiuma
Place of Publication: Szeged
Event Title: Móra Kárpát-medencei Interdiszciplináris Szakkollégiumi Konferencia (6.) (2022) (Szeged)
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/78920/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hadtörténet - Amerikai Egyesült Államok - 1943, Világháború - 2. - 1943 - USA - Japán, Tarawai csata - 1943
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 101-102. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2023. Jun. 08. 10:49
Last Modified: 2023. Jun. 08. 10:49
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/78927

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