A fiatalkorúak büntetőjogi belátási képességének elméleti és gyakorlati kérdései

Kelemen Bálint Csaba: A fiatalkorúak büntetőjogi belátási képességének elméleti és gyakorlati kérdései. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae, (4). pp. 375-405. (2023)

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Abstract

It has been a long-standing concern the legislature to define the lowest age of criminal liability in such a way that it does not lead to undue harm to the child, while maintaining the criminal law’s objectives. Presumably, this objective was also in the minds of the Hungarian legislature when it recodified the legal concept of the criminal discernment in the Criminal Code currently in force. Of course, the new legislation immediately raised the question of what exactly this category covers, since no legal definition was associated with it. This is why I attempted to define the meaning of the criminal discernment in this paper. In doing so, I first came to the conclusion, that discernment is not a category related to the notion of legal capacity, but an independent legal institution. Subsequently, I explored the current meaning of the criminal discernment based on the legal historical prequels of it and on the current legal practice. During this, I have analysed the available anonymous court decisions and conducted file research at the Szeged District Prosecutor’s Office. I have also analysed the Constitutional Court’s decision on the constitutionality of the Section 16. of the Criminal Code. On the basis of the above, I have defined the criminal discernment as the capacity of a 12-14 year old perpetrator to recognise that the act he is committing is contrary to a prohibition, the violation of which may cause him harm and thus incur the disapproval of society. On the basis of this definition, I have distinguished the criminal discernment from the categories of legal capacity, mistake and expectability, thus giving this sui generis element of the concept of guilt its place in the taxonomy.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Theoretical and practical issues of juveniles' criminal discernment
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae
Date: 2023
Volume: 4
ISSN: 2560-2802
Page Range: pp. 375-405
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Állam- és Jogtudományi Kar
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: https://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/82204/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Büntetőjog
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
Date Deposited: 2023. Nov. 06. 13:39
Last Modified: 2023. Nov. 06. 13:39
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/82218

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