Szeged lesz, és szebb lesz, mint volt : a szegedi kisajátítás jogintézménye (1879-1884)

Majzik Vivien: Szeged lesz, és szebb lesz, mint volt : a szegedi kisajátítás jogintézménye (1879-1884). In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae, (4). pp. 525-545. (2023)

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The implementation of the Szeged expropriation law is one of the somewhat neglected areas of the former research, so the core of my work was provided by archival materials. Unfortunately many of these were lost, due to the two world wars and the fact that most of the documents of the Szeged Royal Commission were transferred to Budapest. Within the expropriation, there were 2 forms of compensation: one was monetary compensation, which was paid from the expropriation fund, and the other was the land exchange, which was observed in Szeged for the first time, therefore counted as a unique way at that time. In most of the cases the latter happened. There have been several examples where the value of the offered land was higher compared to the original land to be expropriated. In these cases the owner had to pay more to the extent of his enrichment, and the surplus of the money has gone into the expropriation fund. One of the most important moments in the process of expropriation was the publication of the plans. The persons concerned have been notified about the place and time of the auditions. There were cases when not everyone showed up. In those times the assigned case manager represented them. Sometimes they also announced supplementary dates as well. During the process of expropriation, a tendency can be observed: at first they have tried to get those privately owned plots, where they have planned to build public administration buildings, such as the one what is currently functioning as the main building of the Faculty of Law, but was originally meant to be a girls’ school. During the selection of the site, this goal was already in front of the members of the committee. After the expropriation, the land became the property of the Expropriation Committee, and then it was given to the city of Szeged on the condition that the school must be built there. The land block arrangements also started in this period, around the Móra, Csendes and Szivárvány streets, where there were 5 cases of land exchange. In four out of these five cases, the owners had to pay the difference because the new plots were worth more than the original plots. The arrangement of modern boulevards and boulevards required the expropriation of many privately owned land. One of the best-known examples of this was the case of Simon Grösser. He opposed expropriation and did everything he could to prevent it. There were many houses near the upper shore of the river Tisza, which have remained in good conditions after the flood, and this was one of the main reasons for Simon Grösser’s repeated appeals. If his house remained in good condition, then why is the expropriation necessary. The same thing happened in several parts of the city, and in these cases the old image of the city has remained in its original form. Residents of Szeged and visitors know the Kárász street and its surroundings as the old town. The reason is this is the point where a larger cluster of pre-flood buildings have been preserved, but these have also been built in the 19th century. In fact, the really old part of the city is the area now known as the Upper Town, which was already inhabited in the Middle Ages. Medieval foundations can still be observed in the basements of some houses in the mentioned district of the city. As a conclusion we can say that during the reconstruction of the city, two very important aspects had to be considered: one is to keep the river away from the city and the other is to raise the level of the city. Tenders were issued for both processes, which were both won by Guilbard Gregerson. The extraction of large quantities of soil has became possible also by expropriation. The surrounding lands, such as Szentmihálytelek, Szőreg and Öthalom have been used as soil mines for the building of the embankments and for the raising of the level of the reconstructed Szeged.

Item Type: Article
Other title: "Szeged will exist and will be even more beautiful than it was" : the juristical form of expropriation in Szeged (1879-1884)
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae
Date: 2023
Volume: 4
ISSN: 2560-2802
Page Range: pp. 525-545
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Állam- és Jogtudományi Kar
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kisajátítás - Magyarország - jogi szabályozás - 19. sz., Kisajátítás - Magyarország - története - 19. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2023. Nov. 06. 14:21
Last Modified: 2023. Nov. 06. 14:21

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