Rendszerváltozás és privatizáció

Voszka Éva: Rendszerváltozás és privatizáció. In: '89 rendszerváltozások Kelet-Európában : konferenciakötet, (5). pp. 53-58. (2010)

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The author of this article describes the privatization process of state property and its longterm effects on the Hungarian economy. Instead of merely stating whether this process was good or bad, she attempts to evaluate it, highlighting its advantages and disadvantages. She discusses four theses accordingly: the first thesis states that private property is an essential condition of market economy, while the second one suggests that the process of privatization in Hungary was rather unstable and poorly planned. The third thesis stresses the significance of foreign capital and capital-concentration in the process. Lastly, the author elaborates her opinion on the fact that during the current time of depression —contrary to what was seen in the last decade- mainly the disadvantages of privatization are apparent. Henceforward she considers different privatization periods and dominant contemporary approaches to them. She discusses the six phases of spontaneous privatization in detail, as it is the most controversial method in Hungary to date, which is also the best representative of the hybrid between planned and market economy. According to her, the main reason for the application of several privatization models in Hungary is that the constant shifting between these methods could have served as a kind of correction and a kind of answer-reaction to emerging failures. In addition, the author discusses the transformation of the ownershipstructure, the shift in the ratio between foreign and state property, and the advantages and disadvantages of the emerging foreign capital in detail. In conclusion she claims that the setbacks in the Hungarian economy are not caused by the misuse of privatization methods. The differences between the economic performances of certain countries can be better understood when taking a look at the size of their international and domestic markets, the degree of their openness and what type of economic policy they have applied recently.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: Transition and privazition
Journal or Publication Title: '89 rendszerváltozások Kelet-Európában : konferenciakötet
Date: 2010
Volume: 5
ISSN: 1586-8036
Page Range: pp. 53-58
Series Name: Szakkollégiumi füzetek
Language: Hungarian, English
Event Title: Konferencia a rendszerváltozásokról (2009) (Szeged)
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Politikai változások - Magyarország - 1989
Additional Information: Összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.06. Political science
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2016. Oct. 15. 11:11
Last Modified: 2022. Jan. 19. 11:06

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