Nemekkel kapcsolatos szerepelvárások tükröződése szabad mesélési helyzetben

Kelemen, Dávid: Nemekkel kapcsolatos szerepelvárások tükröződése szabad mesélési helyzetben. Móra Akadémia, (5). pp. 252-270. (2018)

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Abstract

When parents interact with their children, they unknowingly influence them to perceive the world according to their gender, in the same way as they expect it from themselves. The goal of our research is to explore how these processes manifest in language usage and content of tales in on open-ended situation of telling stories to a doll. 43 participants (between 19 and 59 years of age, mean 33 years, SD= 14 years; 22 males and 21 females; 20 were parents and 23 were non-parents) were asked to tell a story about 7 pictures each, created for children depicting animals in human life-like situations (e.g. shopping, playing soccer, building a sandcastle, etc.) and about video used by Heider and Simmel (1944) to a baby doll dressed either like boy or girl. After telling the stories the participants filled in the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BEM 1974). In line with our hypotheses the five independent coders processing the recorded stories identified significant difference between them as a function of the gender of the doll (i.e. dressed like a boy vs. a girl). According to the independent coders, the doll’s favorite color chosen by participants matched the doll’s gender represented by the color of clothing. There were significant differences in the mean length of stories according to the participants’ gender: women told longer stories to the doll, than men. Parents made connections less frequently between pictures than non-parents, and there were significant differences in the way they characterized themselves on BSRI. The above results confirmed our hypotheses that adults use different language and highlight different elements in storytelling as a function of the gender of the child (in this case the doll) highlighting the importance of the further research in order to reveal these differences more accurately.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Expression of gender stereotypes on open-ended situation of telling stories
Journal or Publication Title: Móra Akadémia
Date: 2018
Volume: 5
Page Range: pp. 252-270
ISSN: 2064-809X
Heading title: Szociológia, pszichológia, pedagógia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nemek pszichológiája, Nemi szerep
Additional Information: Bibliogr. : p. 268-269. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Jul. 24. 07:01
Last Modified: 2019. Jul. 24. 07:01
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/58237

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