Korábbi, államilag szervezett lakosságcserék hatása a csehszlovák-magyar egyezmény megszületésére

Szalai, Gábor: Korábbi, államilag szervezett lakosságcserék hatása a csehszlovák-magyar egyezmény megszületésére. In: Közép-európai közlemények, (13) 1-2. pp. 303-317. (2020)

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Abstract

In Europe, following World War I, and also during and after World War II, more or less sovereign states exercised population exchanges on multiple occasions. Their aim was to establish an ethnically homogeneous state and/or to repatriate their minority countrymen. In many cases, governments entered into the treaties under the impact of constraint, abuses of minorities and provision depriving their rights. On many occasions, these stabilised the changes occurring during the wars and neither party was keen on observing the principle of parity. This paper compares the government-organised (Greek-Turkish, Ukrainian-Polish, Czechoslovak–Hungarian) „population exchange campaigns”, the legislation enabling these, as well as the underlying political, economic and social motivations of the decisions and negotiations. This comparative analysis enables presenting similarities, parallels and differences, as well as to what degree the consequences and conclusions of previous treaties have been considered during the negotiations, and also whether former population exchanges had any impact on normalising Czechoslovak–Hungarian relations. The analysis also focuses on identifying the preliminary knowledge and experience of the stakeholders applied in resolving the Czechoslovak–Hungarian issue. The assessment also covers the first treaty of this kind, the often referenced population exchange treaty between Greece and Turkey and the Ukrainian(Soviet)-Polish treaty, as well as to what extent these treaties turned out to be examples to follow. Finally, the paper also examines to what extent the two political sides evolving after 1945 tried to follow the lead of previously implemented treaties between Hungarians and Czechoslovaks which they considered appropriate.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The impact of former, government-organised population exchanges on the birth of the Czechoslovak-Hungarian treaty
Heading title: Geopolitika rovat
Journal or Publication Title: Közép-európai közlemények
Date: 2020
Volume: 13
Number: 1-2
ISSN: 1789-6339
Page Range: pp. 303-317
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lakosságcsere - görög-török, Lakosságcsere - ukrán-lengyel, Lakosságcsere - magyar-csehszlovák
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 316-317. és a jegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.07. Modern and contemporary history
Date Deposited: 2020. Sep. 14. 09:44
Last Modified: 2020. Sep. 14. 10:59
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/70209

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