Az osztrák hivatásrendi államszervezet és az érdekképviseletek kérdése

Zachar, Péter Krisztián: Az osztrák hivatásrendi államszervezet és az érdekképviseletek kérdése. In: Közép-európai közlemények, (13) 1-2. pp. 581-596. (2020)

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One of the most controversial, still researched and yet undiscovered forms of state reform attempts between the two world wars was the creation of the so-called “Ständestaat” of Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuß and Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg. The Austrian Conservative-Christian-social political elite condensed an independent, then centuries-old process of thinking into a solution alternative, which was a specific Austrian ideological response to the political, social and economic crisis. At the same time, there was a considerable debate about the implementation of the emerging state organisation and the way in which (professional) orders (the so called vocational orders) were created, not only before but also after the new constitutional system came into force in 1933/34. The present study seeks to determine how traditional nineteenth-century civic organizations, chambers of professions and economic actors, interacted with the new state organisation and which role the constitution intended for these traditional forms of self-organisation in the new state. The study seeks to illustrate how, in the modern state, organic cooperation between different social groups (orders) evolves over the ideology of class struggle. A forward-looking element of the Austrian experiment was the attempt to represent certain social groups based on qualitative rather than quantitative aspects. It was conceived that by working together, employees and employers could have overcome their seemingly irreconcilable conflict. And the emerging order vocational federations were not able to dismantle traditional civil interest structures, trade unions and chambers, and, paradoxically, they emerged strengthened from the struggle. That is why, after 1945, a parity-based system of institutionalized employer and employee dialogue came from these roots, which led to social peace and economic stability, and to rapid growth in modern Austria.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The Austrian "Standestaat" and the question of advocacy organisations
Heading title: Versailles 100
Journal or Publication Title: Közép-európai közlemények
Date: 2020
Volume: 13
Number: 1-2
ISSN: 1789-6339
Page Range: pp. 581-596
Uncontrolled Keywords: Államszervezet - Ausztria
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 594-596. és a jegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > Modern and contemporary history
Date Deposited: 2020. Sep. 14. 11:41
Last Modified: 2020. Sep. 14. 11:41

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