Az innováció hatása a munkaerőpiacra, avagy elveszik-e a robotok az ember munkáját?

Hajdú József: Az innováció hatása a munkaerőpiacra, avagy elveszik-e a robotok az ember munkáját? In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (10) 2. pp. 37-55. (2020)

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In one hand, there is a majority view that robots will have taken over most jobs within 30 years leaving humanity facing its 'biggest challenge ever' to find meaning in life when work is no longer necessary. Robots are doing more and more jobs that people used to do. The rise of robots could lead to very high unemployment rate. The time is coming when machines will be able to outperform humans at almost any task. It will cause economic, societal and psychological problem in the society. With the prospect of such jobs disappearing, many futurists, economists and lawyers are considering the possibility of a jobless future113 On the other hand, there is a different view: robots in the workforce present an opportunity to stimulate job growth and create new types of work. Robots will not merely take jobs, they’ll also create them. Robots do not yet have the ability to perform complex tasks like negotiation or persuading, and they are not as proficient in generating new ideas as they are at solving problems. This means jobs requiring creativity, emotional intelligence and social skills are unlikely to be filled by robots any time soon. Furthermore, new jobs will be created in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields like nanotechnology and robotics. A 2011 study114 found that one million industrial robots directly created nearly three million jobs. Of the six countries examined in the study, five saw their unemployment rates go down as the number of robots used went up. As it was presented, there are two main avenues of stand points. One is for robots (they create new jobs) and against robots (they will take over jobs and create unemployment). As usual the truth is somewhere between the two contradictional stand points. This article deals with this dichitomy.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Innovation and labour market (are robots stealing jobs?)
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2020
Volume: 10
Number: 2
ISSN: 2063-2525
Page Range: pp. 37-55
Related URLs: http:///
Uncontrolled Keywords: Innováció, Munkaerőpiac
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.02. Economics and business
Date Deposited: 2020. Nov. 26. 09:01
Last Modified: 2021. Jan. 27. 12:24

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