A pécsi székesegyház márványkapui II.

Raffay, Endre: A pécsi székesegyház márványkapui II. In: A Kárpát-medence, a magyarság és Bizánc = The Carpathian basin, the Hungarians and Byzantium, (11). pp. 229-242. (2014)

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The study focuses on the marble gates of the Cathedral of Pécs from around 1200. The gate on the Western façade (Pécs, Dome Museum), the only one to survive to the present day, was once set into a bay-type entrance structure. The gate was made of marble panels that must have originated from the Roman-era Early Christian cemetery of the town. According to earlier research, those ordering the gate had wanted to recapture and give visual form to the ancient and old Christian origins of the episcopate and the Episcopal Cathedral through the secondary use of marble. However, there was no sign on the gate that was constructed referring to the Roman origin of the marble. The paper focuses on a white marble slab probably depicting Jacob, created by incrustation. Earlier literature related the piece to Porta Speciosa in Esztergom. However, this piece shows an incrustation technique different from the Esztergom application. In Esztergom the base was red marble with different colour marble pieces inlayed. The Jacob piece of Pécs is set in white marble, which was also used for the figure's robe, face and hands; connecting pieces of different colours were only applied for the backgrounds. These differences rather separate than connect the Esztergom and the Pécs remnants, as do the differences in style. The work of the masters carving the Pécs marbles indicates knowledge and application of local traditions rather than those of Esztergom: there is a clear connection with the motifs and style used by the stone cutters working on the crypt accesses of the Pécs Cathedral. Details of the robe of the Jacob figure can be related to the respective motifs of the angels in the Last Judgment relief at the north crypt access. There is also an evident connection between the vegetal ornaments of the cornice and the south access. On the basis of the above findings related to the marble slab bearing the inscription Jacob it can be stated that in the art of Hungary around the age of King Béla III the seldom used technique of incrustation and its variations were represented by masters following styles independently from each other. Any link between relics of the period can, at the most, be imputed to the demands of the customer commissioning the work, perhaps Calanus, bishop of Pécs, who had connections in Esztergom.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: The marble doors of the cathedral of Pécs II.
Journal or Publication Title: A Kárpát-medence, a magyarság és Bizánc = The Carpathian basin, the Hungarians and Byzantium
Date: 2014
Volume: 11
ISBN: 978-963-306-298-2
Page Range: pp. 229-242
Series Name: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : Opuscula Byzantina
Language: magyar
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/71499/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Székesegyház - Pécs, Templomépítészet - magyar - Pécs, Építészettörténet - Pécs - székesegyház, Egyházi művészet - Magyarország
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 235-236. és a lábjegyzetekben ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.04. Arts (arts, history of arts, performing arts, music)
06. Humanities > 06.04. Arts (arts, history of arts, performing arts, music) > 06.04.01. Arts, art history
06. Humanities > 06.04. Arts (arts, history of arts, performing arts, music) > 06.04.02. Architectural design
Date Deposited: 2021. Jan. 22. 11:11
Last Modified: 2021. Jan. 25. 12:27
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/71526

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