A legyőzött magyarok mint hódítók? : a De Administrando Imperio és a népvándorlások antik modellje

Szabados, György: A legyőzött magyarok mint hódítók? : a De Administrando Imperio és a népvándorlások antik modellje. In: A Kárpát-medence, a magyarság és Bizánc = The Carpathian basin, the Hungarians and Byzantium, (11). pp. 259-275. (2014)

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Abstract

The moving of the first Hungarian state - the Hungarian Great Principality - from Etelkuzu or Dentumoger to the Carpathian Basin is a much debated issue of historical research. One of the important questions is if it was a deliberate move or a flight of an exsanguine community. The most important source which suggests panicked flight is the De Administrando Imperio (c. 950). Emperor Constantine VII „Porphyrogenitus" in his work gave us a model for the series of migrations: the Uz attack forced the Pechenegs towards west, then the Pechenegs defeated the Hungarians who had to escape towards west into the Carpathian Basin, and there the defeated Hungarians destroyed the Elder Moravia. Nevertheless this description is based on an ancient mechanical model for the migrations exclusively. Herodotos and Priskos used this model for other ancient people, and their work was well-known in Emperor Constantine's court. This kind of series of migration confronts the facts of the military history, too. During the period of the conquest of the Carpathian Basin (881-907) the warlike Hungarian Great Principality led several military campaigns and won most of them. So the interpretation of the De Administrando Imperio exsanguined Hungarians cannot be defensible, for it is impossible to imagine the great loss of men and animals (especially horses) when we look at the fighting spirit and efficiency before, during and after the move. Anyway, my researches resulted that there were no wars or no conflicts between the Hungarians and Pechenegs within this period, especially not in 895. Consequently the Hungarian Great Principality, gathering information through decades, occupied and united the Carpathian Basin according to plan - without any defeat.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: The conquered Hungarians as the conquering ones? : the De Administrando Imperio and the ancient model of the migrations
Journal or Publication Title: A Kárpát-medence, a magyarság és Bizánc = The Carpathian basin, the Hungarians and Byzantium
Date: 2014
Volume: 11
ISBN: 978-963-306-298-2
Page Range: pp. 259-275
Series Name: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : Opuscula Byzantina
Language: magyar
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/71499/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Honfoglalás, Magyarország története - 9-10. sz., Kelet-Európa története - 9-10. sz., Népvándorlás
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 272-274. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.05. Medieval history
Date Deposited: 2021. Jan. 22. 11:47
Last Modified: 2021. Jan. 25. 12:27
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/71529

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