Pécs gazdasági változásai az első világháború idején

Kaposi, Zoltán: Pécs gazdasági változásai az első világháború idején. In: Közép-európai közlemények, (13) 3. pp. 99-122. (2020)

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Abstract

Pécs was a quickly developing city during the Dual Monarchy era, especially the growth of the manufacturing industry and the coal mining industry was fast. However, the city lost its momentum due to the outbreak of the First World War. The effects of the war were primarily negative on the city’s economy and society. A part of the labour force was enlisted which caused significant workforce deficit in both small and large scale firms. Due to the decrease in real wages many people could only make a living out of military pensions. The aggregate production declined as a result of shortage of raw materials and the lowering aggregate demand. The lack of supply forced individuals to increase the agricultural output; mostly the agricultural household production (growing potato, fruit and vegetables) ran up. The total household consumption significantly declined during the war. Government intervention affected more and more industries as the war progressed. The ration ticket for bread was introduced in 1916 and soon most basic foods (flour, sugar, lard, meat, etc…) were rationed. Organisation of public services, procurement and distribution of food was a heavy burden on the shoulders of the city. Because of the poverty several soup kitchen had to be set up in 1917-18. Charity organisation played an important role in supporting the poor. It is beyond doubt that the government of the city managed to solve the greatest problems; therefore, the city avoided famine. There were obviously a few who benefited from the war; mostly those companies who directly produced for the government, namely to the military. The end of the war did not end the lean years since the Serbian army occupied the city in November 1918, lengthening the difficult situation for an additional thirty three months.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Economic changes in Pécs during the first World War
Heading title: Gazdaságtörténet rovat
Journal or Publication Title: Közép-európai közlemények
Date: 2020
Volume: 13
Number: 3
ISSN: 1789-6339
Page Range: pp. 99-122
Language: magyar
Publisher: Egyesület Közép-Európa Kutatására, Szegedi Tudományegyetem Juhász Gyula Pedagógusképző Kar
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/71737/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Világháború - 1., Infláció, Gazdaságtörténet - Pécs - 1914-1918
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 119-122. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.07. Modern and contemporary history
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.09. Social and economic history
Date Deposited: 2021. Feb. 08. 11:25
Last Modified: 2021. Feb. 08. 11:25
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/71796

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