A kulturális örökségek ellen elkövetett bűncselekmények felelősségi kérdései

Gál Rita Ilona: A kulturális örökségek ellen elkövetett bűncselekmények felelősségi kérdései. In: Móra Akadémia : szakkollégiumi tanulmánykötet 12., (12). pp. 59-72. (2023)

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Abstract

The protection of cultural heritage and cultural property is a priority since ancient times. Uncountable dangerous events of our history jeopardized the cultural heritage during different eras. After the destruction and disasters of World War II, nations realized that urgent and efficient steps must to taken. The international law has developed a lot since the middle of the 20th century. During the last seven decades, numerous international conventions has been accepted. Their role in determining and categorizing several kinds of cultural heritage and properties is indisputable. Although these steps forward were excellent, the development of jurisdiction for crimes against cultural heritage and property, and the ability to determine and prove personal responsibility for such violations and offences, became possible only after the devastating armed conflicts happened in the near past. Statutes of the ICTY and the ICC mean the essential legal base of jurisdiction for crimes against cultural heritage. These violations are belong to war crimes.The results of the case of Al-Mahdi and the cases of the ICTY point out the factors that make perpetrators countable for crimes against cultural heritage. The legal instruments of international law are efficient for state individual criminal responsibility, and the Statute of the ICC is valid in cases both of international armed conflicts and armed conflicts not of an international character. However, since the jurisdiction of the ICC is not universal, perpetrators might avoid inculpation.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: Issues of legal responsibility regarding crimes against cultural heritage
Heading title: Jogtudomány
Journal or Publication Title: Móra Akadémia : szakkollégiumi tanulmánykötet 12.
Date: 2023
Volume: 12
ISSN: 2064-809X
Page Range: pp. 59-72
Series Name: Móra Akadémia
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Móra Ferenc Szakkollégiuma
Place of Publication: Szeged
Event Title: Móra Kárpát-medencei Interdiszciplináris Szakkollégiumi Konferencia (6.) (2022) (Szeged)
Related URLs: https://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/78954/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kulturális örökség védelme - jogi szabályozás
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 70-72. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
Date Deposited: 2023. Jun. 26. 06:27
Last Modified: 2023. Jun. 26. 06:27
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/78961

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