Jogtudatkutatás és a "bűnös mítoszok"

Karsai Krisztina and Márki Dávid and Paizs Melinda: Jogtudatkutatás és a "bűnös mítoszok". In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (13) 1. pp. 111-132. (2023)

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The paper presents the background and results of a recent research on legal consciousness in Hungary. Following the description of a scientific awareness-raising activity ("Guilty Myths”) implementing by a law professor in her activist jurisprudential role, the methodology of selecting the legal issues relevant to crime and criminality is presented, with a summary of the main results of Hungarian literature on legal consciousness. The questionnaire-based empirical research focuses on the Szeged Music Festival (SZIN) and the University of Szeged students, and the aim was to investigate the legal awareness of young people on an empirical basis. Our questions focused on the legal knowledge related to the “Guilty myths” project, the awareness of media consumption and the degree of institutional trust. Our empirical research is based on a questionnaire survey, the main relevance of our study's focus on young people is that previous legal awareness research has either not addressed young people's legal awareness or focused on law students who are already involved because of their career choice, and are conscious of their value choices or have a determinately higher (we hypothesise) inherited cultural capital compared to the middle class average. This paper contains the description of the empirical research samples, sub-samples, questions and data processing methods is followed by the data analysis, which is structured according to the question categories of legal knowledge, media consumption and institutional trust. This is followed by the concrete experiences of the questionnaire survey. As a result of the research, the legal education of young people is essential and has to be inevitable, as in many cases even law students are not aware of the legal norms that are an integral part of our everyday lives. Out of the 16 questions related to the “Guilty Myths” project, only 7 were answered correctly by more than 90% of all subsamples. Respondents were neither aware of who can make laws nor of which branch of government the government embodies. Their news consumption habits clearly confirm that the online space is the appropriate platform for knowledge transfer, with 81.7%, 97.3% and 96% respectively of respondents getting most of their information from online news portals. Institutional trust in the groups we surveyed is similar to the national representative samples, but in the national sample, the legal system is trusted less than the police, the reverse is true for law students, but in both cases the political system is trusted the least.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Research on legal consciousness and "guilty myths"
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2023
Volume: 13
Number: 1
ISSN: 2063-2525
Page Range: pp. 111-132
Language: Hungarian, English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jogtudomány - kutatás, Jogtudat
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
Date Deposited: 2024. Feb. 19. 09:32
Last Modified: 2024. Feb. 19. 09:32

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