Megjegyzések a Kárpát-medence 9. század eleji történelméhez

Balogh László: Megjegyzések a Kárpát-medence 9. század eleji történelméhez. In: Az Alföld a 9. században II. 4. pp. 231-248. (2017)

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At the end of the 8th century the Avar Khaganate weakened in a civil war was attacked by the Frankish Empire. The north-western periphery of the Carpathian Basin (Avaria), and the territory of the Drava and the Sava Rivers (Pannonia Inferior, Pannonia Superior) came under the rule of the Franks. After the Avar Khagan who lived with his people between the Danube and Tisza was baptized and surrendered by the Franks, a part of Avars escaped and crossed the River Tisza. Not long afterwards, the Avars rebelled against the Franks and the Christianity, and Charlemagne lost control over them. When the rebellion of the Avars was crushed, the new Avar Khagan sent an envoy to Charlemagne in 805. He asked to give him the power over the entire Khaganate, namely over the Huns. Charlemagne agreed upon this, so the Avar Khagan was baptized. According to Scriptor Incertus de Leone Armenio A, the Avars still had considerable military power in 811. In this year, the Bulgarian Prince Krum defeated Emperor Nicophoros I using Avar and Slavic mercenaries. Another source, the biography of St. Joannikios also tells us that the Bulgarians were helped in their war by neighbouring people, namely the Avars and Slavs. Avars and Slavs also joined Krum’s army when he started a campaign against Constantinople in 814. Accordingly, it is understandable that at the end of 810, the Byzantine Emperor Nicophoros sent an envoy to Charlemagne, probably asking the Frankish ruler to prevent the Avars and Slavs of the Carpathian Basin to assist the Bulgarians. Charlemagne tried to act accordingly. As we read in the Annales regni Francorum, in 811 he sent an army to both Pannonias to end the disputes between the Huns and the Slavs. By the end of the campaign the Avars, the Slavs and probably the Huns (Onogundur-Bulgars) who lived in Pannonia and along the Danube were again surrendered by the Franks. The Avar Khaganate has lost its western areas permanently. While the people living in these territories merged with the Christian population of the Frankish Empire, heathen peoples of the Avars continued to live in the eastern part of the Carpathian Basin in the 9th century.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: Notes on the history of the Carpathian Basin at the beginning of the 9th century
Journal or Publication Title: Az Alföld a 9. században II.
Date: 2017
Number: 4
ISSN: 2062-9877
ISBN: 978-963-306-555-6
Page Range: pp. 231-248
Series Name: Monográfiák a Szegedi Tudományegyetem Régészeti Tanszékéről
Language: Hungarian
Event Title: Az Alföld a 9. században - Új eredmények (2.) (2017) (Szeged)
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Régészet - avarok - Kárpát-medence - 7-10. sz., Kárpát-medence népei - 7-10. sz.
Additional Information: szerk. Takács Melinda - Az Alföld a 9. században II. : válogatás "Az Alföld a 9. században II. - Új eredmények" című konferencián 2014. május 21-23. között elhangzott előadások anyagaiból ; Bibliogr.: p. 240-247. és a lábjegyzetekben ; ill. összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2019. Nov. 15. 10:29
Last Modified: 2022. Jan. 10. 11:39

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