Egyházi és világi szerepek összekapcsolódása a századvég református gyülekezeti életében

Szacsvay Éva: Egyházi és világi szerepek összekapcsolódása a századvég református gyülekezeti életében. In: Szentemberek - a vallásos élet szervező egyéniségei, (1). pp. 105-116. (1998)

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The study examines the situation of the leading village congregational officials in the viewpoint of the changes in practicing their tasks and rules. The taks and practices of the sessions and their principals were regulated by the Calvinist church councils. The paragraphs of the Council of Tarczal-Torda (1563) have already included the „ancestral Christian procedure" of electing elders, thus the whole congregation elect with voting. Probably the changes in the activity of the sessios are less manifested in the church council regulations than in local customs. The author recalls the orders of different church councils to differentiate the tasks of curators and wardens formed by the local customs, from those tasks which were formed in regulations by the XIXth century. The tasks of the curator are represented by introducing analitically a family archive. (The papers ofKristóffamily, Dunabogdány, 1859-1918 Néprajzi Múzeum, EA 24229). Mihály Kristóf and his son, Mihály Kristóf jr. were secular and church principals. The papers represent, what kind of requirements they should have met for the period of two generations, comparing to the written regulations, what kind of rules they have had to play. An important group of the papers are manuscripts, connected with the social life of the village, including best men's verses, song verses, funeral songs from the old times, nameday greetings, school-festival greetings, verses for greeting mothers or written by the influences of the school, from the later times. An other group of the papers is connected with farming. Farm-books, contracts of sales, copies of land registers, lists of loans, etc. document, that they were starters of reforming agriculture, especially after the wineyards had died out. In the village they could have set examples for striving after urbanization based on landed property. The third thematic group is connected with church affairs. The papers, connected with the school, the farming lease affairs, the registers on church taxation and collection document that besides the earlier traditional tasks of the curator they had to act as administrators and clerks, too. But there are not data e.g. on church disciplines. The last group of the papers consists of the affairs of the tasks of secular corporation members. Dunabogdány is a Catholic German village, the minority of 20% Hungarian Calvinists were represented by one person in the 20-strong magistracy. Mihály Kristóf and later his son were elected for this function. The papers of Kristóf family document that from the second half of the last century the curator of advanced, urban Calvinist villages have already worked as „bourgeois clerks", although preserving some earlier village elements of their tasks.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: Connections between ecclesiastical and secular rules in the Calvinist congregational life at the turn of the century
Journal or Publication Title: Szentemberek - a vallásos élet szervező egyéniségei
Date: 1998
Volume: 1
ISSN: 1419-1288
ISBN: 963 482 315 7
Page Range: pp. 105-116
Series Name: Szegedi vallási néprajzi könyvtár
Language: Hungarian, English
Event Title: Szentemberek - a vallásos élet szervező egyéniségei (1992) (Szeged)
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vallási néprajz, Népi vallásosság - magyar, Egyháztörténet - református - Magyarország
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 114-115. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.04. Sociology
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.03. Philosophy, ethics and religion
Date Deposited: 2020. Sep. 16. 10:52
Last Modified: 2022. Feb. 03. 14:17

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