Az albán nacionalizmus és Hroch elmélete

Bózsó Péter Tamás: Az albán nacionalizmus és Hroch elmélete. In: Közép-európai közlemények, (13) 4. pp. 231-250. (2020)

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In this article, I examine the conditions and external factors leading to the birth of the Albanian national movement. I turn in part to geopolitical contexts, pointing out the strategic goals and practical activities of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, with which it sought or wanted to create a partner against the Serbian aspirations, especially the plans to acquire the Adriatic coast. In the expansion of the “soft power” of the monarchy, I examine the efforts of scholars such as Lajos Thallóczy, who contributed launching this national movement. In the analysis, I used Miroslav Hroch’s theory of nationalism as a framework, especially his categories setting the phases of national movements against the end of feudal era and the creation of modern societies, which go beyond the well-known A, B, and C phases. The area inhabited by Albanians at the turn of the last century was a poor country dotted with mountains and swamps, which made it difficult to integrate their territory. This has helped Albanians to survive in their earlier history, but has not favoured the birth of the national movement. Albanian society was also religiously divided, with a language divided into two quite different major dialects, in my view. The group of intellectuals or quasi-intellectuals, the possible engine of the movement, may have been thin. The stage A of Hroch's classification, which marked the beginnings of the national movement, was difficult to start from internal sources of Albanians. That is why, Albanian emigration and external scientific interest, above all the works of Thallóczy, Milan Šufflay and Konstantin Jireček, got a stronger position. It is highly probable that the Monarchy played an active role in the creation of the national myth by publishing an influential book. Later, when Albania declared its independence, we can conclude that the nationalist mass movement was still in its infancy, and that the declaration of independence was the result of an excellent seizure of an opportunity created by the military collapse of the Ottoman Empire, supported but at least tolerated by the great powers. It was largely the personal achievement of Ismail Qemali’s who blessed with a talent of recognising the situation. Having all this in mind, I make an attempt to complete Hroch’s types with the case of the Albanian national movement.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Albanian nationalizmus and Hroch's theory
Heading title: Geopolitika
Journal or Publication Title: Közép-európai közlemények
Date: 2020
Volume: 13
Number: 4
ISSN: 1789-6339
Page Range: pp. 231-250
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Egyesület Közép-Európa Kutatására
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Geopolitika, Miroslav Hroch, nemzetté válás, Osztrák-Magyar Monarchia - külpolitika, Albánia története
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 249-250. és a jegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > Modern and contemporary history
Date Deposited: 2021. Jul. 19. 13:00
Last Modified: 2021. Jul. 19. 13:00

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