Három dél-magyarországi szabad királyi város önkormányzati szervezetének változásai a politikai átalakulások korában (1861-1868)

Csernus-Lukács Szilveszter: Három dél-magyarországi szabad királyi város önkormányzati szervezetének változásai a politikai átalakulások korában (1861-1868). In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae, (4). pp. 205-230. (2023)

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In my research I analysed a constitutional usus in the Public Law of the Modern Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary, which apart from being a striking novelty of Municipal Law, Political History and Nationality History, could provide the opportunity to examine an act-derogatory Customary Law itself, primarily from the viewpoint of its appliers. I have analysed a particular, Customary Law-based city suffrage with its five key elements: its legal content, its ”lifespan”, its recurrent nature and to what extent did it serve the ”common good” as the requirements of a Customary Law in a Werbőczyan sense as well its general acceptance. I also attempt to conclude, what effect this particular customary suffrage had on the three multinational cities I examined, namely the Southern Hungarian (nowadays Serbian) Újvidék (Novi Sad), Zombor (Sombor) and Versec (Vršac). During the legal modernization decades after 1848, the majority of the regulations of the Customary Law got into collision with the written law (including those affecting the city suffrage), the non-Orthodox and Orthodox political elites of the mentioned cities and the Ministry of the Interior faced a dilemma, which eroded the general acceptance of the Customary Law in the cities’ suffrage systems. The nationality-based conflicts of the three free royal cities are already explored fields of histriography, however an analysis from the viewpoint of iuresprudence, namely the conflict between the Customary Law and the Acts and governmental regulations is still a novel field, which I elaborate in my study. The three royal cities spontaneously developed a rotational-parity system of their respective administrations, expressly ”halving” the municipal offices between the non-Orthodox (Hungarian, German and Bunjevci) and Orthodox (Serb) communities, which inhabited the three cities in a roughly equal proportion. After the April Reforms of 1848, the religion-based power-sharing gradually transformed into a nationality-based dynamism. The Customary Law still applied during the first modern, legality-based elections of the city municipalities in 1848, nevertheless during the 1861 and 1867 municipal elections, at least one of the ”parties” of each city demanded to abandon the Customary Law and hold the municipal elections based on absolute equality, which lead to the municipal conflicts of Újvidék, Zombor and Versec. This study combines methods of historical discourse analysis as well as the study and dogmatic approach on the sources of law.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Changes in the municipal system of three free royal cities of Southern Hungary in the era of political changes (1861-1868)
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae
Date: 2023
Volume: 4
ISSN: 2560-2802
Page Range: pp. 205-230
Language: Hungarian, English
Publisher: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Állam- és Jogtudományi Kar
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: https://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/82204/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Közigazgatás - Magyarország - 19. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.06. Political science
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2023. Nov. 06. 11:58
Last Modified: 2023. Nov. 06. 11:58
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/82212

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